Birth defects and causes......1

Birth defects and causes......1




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Birth defects facts* Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors. Couple should Develop Positive thoughts before conceiving will avoid birth defects and they should follow Healthy food which contains all needed nutrients..

1.... Types of Common Birth defects
Defects that may be detected through prenatal screening include:
neural tube defects (spina bifida, anencephaly)
Down syndrome and other chromosome abnormalities.
inherited metabolic disorders.
congenital heart defects.
gastrointestinal and kidney malformations.
cleft lip or palate.

certain birth defects of the limbs

These can include:
  • Cleft lip or cleft palate.
  • Heart defects, such as missing or misshaped valves.
  • Abnormal limbs, such as a clubfoot.
  • Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, and problems related to the growth and development of the brain and spinal cord.


2...   What is birth defect?
birth defect is a problem that occurs when a baby is developing in utero (in the womb). Approximately 1 out of every 33 babies in the United States is born with a birth defectBirth defects can be minor or severe. They may affect appearance, organ function, and physical and mental development.

3...    Why do birth defect occur?
Most birth defects occur in the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the organs of the baby are forming. This is a very important stage of development. However, some birth defects occur later in pregnancy. During the last six months of pregnancy, the tissues and organs continue to grow and develop.



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