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Importance of nutrients

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Importance of Nutrients

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Importance Of Proteins

Much of the body's structure is made up of proteins. The typical 80 Kg. man is composed of about 50 Kg. of water, 15 Kgs.of protein, 12 Kgs. of fat, 2.5 Kgs. of minerals, 500 gms.of carbohydrates and less than 30 gms. of vitamins. Since the muscles, heart, brain, lungs etc. are made up largely of proteins which are in constant need of replacement, protein power and the importance of protein foods are obvious. Protein is the basic chemical unit of the living cell, essential for their nutrition, growth and repair, and to provide heat and energy.

Importance of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates contain the important vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that are essential to our health and that help prevent heart disease and cancer. Unrefined carbohydrates are good one found in whole, natural foods, such as whole grains, legumes, rice, and starchy vegetables. They'r…

Nutrients Guide

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Nutrients guide



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Nutrient Guide
NUTRIENTSTHEIR FUNCTIONSCarbohydrates are the most important nutrients used by your working muscles. Protein contains amino acids - the building blocks - that your body uses to build and maintain muscles, bone, skin, blood and other organs. Fat is the chief storage system of energy. Vitamins help promote and regulate bodily processes and chemical reactions. Minerals enable enzymes to function. Water enables chemical reactions to take place.

Why we need vitamins?

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Why we need vitamins?




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Why We Need Vitamins?
Have you ever tried to find out the root cause of problems instead of running to a doctor every time you suffer? If No, then you must know that you are running through vitamin deficiency problem. So as you know that prevention is better than cure, it's better to intake proper vitamins in right time to check the problem from growing gruesome.

First of all vitamin is that component of a balanced diet which the human body generally cannot manufacture on its own. So you must consume vitamin directly in the form of food or through supplements as tonic or pills. The whole process of assimilation of vitamins depends on ingestion of food. Once you have it as a part of your meal, say for tomatoes, lemon, spinach and other stuffs, it is more helpful. Moreover you don't feel that you are a patient and need to have medicines for cure. But if the deficit of a particular vitami…

Essential Nutrients

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Essential Nutrients

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The nutrients known to be essential for human beings are proteins, carbohydrates, fats and oils, minerals, vitamins, and water.

Most essential nutrients are needed only in small quantities, and are stored and reused by the body. As a result, unlike absence of air or water for humans, absence of essential nutrients usually leads only gradually to the development of a deficiency disease.

The Three Major Functions of Nutrients
1. Provide EnergyCarbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids (fats and oils)2. Promote Growth and DevelopmentProteins
Lipids
Vitamins
Minerals
Water 3. Regulate Body FunctionsProteins
Lipids
Vitamins
Minerals
Water

Energy in Fruits

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Energy in Fruits




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FRUITSEnergy (KCal)Protein (g)Carbohydrate (g)Fat (g)Calcium (mg)Iron (mg)All values are per 100 g of edible portions.Amla580.513.70.1501.2Apple590.213.40.5100.66Apricot (fresh)53111.60.3202.2Apricot (dry)3061.673.40.71104.6Bael fruit1371.831.80.3850.6Banana (ripe)1161.227.20.3170.36Cherries (red)641.113.80.5240.57Currants (black)3162.775.20.51308.5Dates (dried)3172.575.80.41207.3Dates (fresh)1441.233.80.4220.96Figs (Anjeer)371.37.60.2801Grapes (blue)580.613.10.4200.5Grapes(pale green)710.5

Energy in Vegetables

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Energy in Vegetables





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OTHER VEGETABLESEnergy (KCal)Protein (g)Carbohydrate (g)Fat (g)Calcium (mg)Iron (mg)All values are per 100 g of edible portions.Ash gourd (Petha)100.41.90.1300.8Beans1587.429.81502.6Bitter gourd (Karela)251.64.20.2200.61Bottle gourd (Lauki)120.22.50.1200.46Brinjal (Baingan)241.440.3180.38Cauliflower (Gobhi)302.640.4331.23Cowpea (Lobia)483.58.10.2722.5Cucumber (Kheera)130.42.50.1100.6French beans261.74.50.1500.61Capsicum (Shimla mirch)241.34.30.3100.56Jack fruit (Kathal)512.69.40.3301.7Karonda (fresh)421.12.92.921NILLadies finger (Bhindi)35

Energy in Pulses

Energy in Pulses

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PULSES (DALS)Energy (KCal)Protein (g)Carbohydrate (g)Fat (g)Calcium (mg)Iron (mg)All values are per 100 g of edible portions.Channa36017.160.95.32024.6Channa dal37220.859.85.6565.3Kala channa (roasted)36922.558.15.2589.5.6Urad dal (whole)3472459.61.41543.8Lobia32324.154.51778.6Beans (sem, dry)34724.960.10.8602.7Moong dal (whole)3342456.71.31244.4Moong dal35824.559.91.2753.9Kala channa3212257.20.52876.77Masoor dal34325.1590.7697.58Moth dal33023.656.51.12029.58Peas (green)937.215.90.1201.5Peas (dry)31519.756.51.1757.05Peas (ro

Energy in General Grains

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Energy in General Grains



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CEREALSEnergy (KCal)Protein (g)Carbohydrate (g)Fat (g)Calcium (mg)Iron (mg)All values are per 100 g of edible portions.Bajra36111.667.55428Barley33611.569.61.3261.67Jowar33112.360.91.9254.1Maize (dry)34211.1663.6102.3Maize (tender)1254.724.60.891.1Rice3456.878.20.5103.2Rice flakes3466.677.31.22020Rice (puffed)3257.573.60.1236.6Wheat flour34112.169.41.7484.9Wheat flour Refined (Maida)3481173.90.9232.7Semolina (Suji)34810.474.80.8161.6Vermicelli (Sewia)3528.878.30.4222Brown bread2457.851.90.7182.2

Energy in Leafy Vegetables

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Energy in Leafy Vegetables




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LEAFY VEGETABLESEnergy (KCal)Protein (g)Carbohydrate (g)Fat (g)Calcium (mg)Iron (mg)All values are per 100 g of edible portions.Bathua303.72.90.41504.2Cabbage271.84.60.1390.8Celery leaves376.31.60.62306.3Colocasia leaves (Arvi leaves)563.96.81.54600.98Coriander leaves (Dhania)443.36.30.61841.42Fenugreek leaves (Methi)494.460.93951.93Lettuce212.12.50.3502.4Mustard leaves (Sarso ka saag)3443.20.615516.3Radish leaves283.82.40.42650.09Spinach (Palak)2622.90.7731.14